Current Affairs

6 February: International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation

The United Nations observed the International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) on 6th February 2018 with the campaign #EndFGM.
  • International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation is a United Nations-sponsored annual awareness day that takes place on February 6 as part of the UN's efforts to eradicate female genital mutilation.
  • It was first introduced in 2003.

What is FGM?

Female genital mutilation (FGM) comprises all procedures that involve altering or injuring the female genitalia for non-medical reasons and is recognized internationally as a violation of the human rights of girls and women. It constitutes an extreme form of discrimination against women and girls. The practice also violates their rights to health, security and physical integrity, their right to be free from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, and their right to life when the procedure results in death.

Key Facts

  • UNFPA, jointly with UNICEF, leads the largest global programme to accelerate the abandonment of FGM.
  • The programme currently focuses on 17 African countries and also supports regional and global initiatives.
  • Globally, it is estimated that at least 200 million girls and women alive today have undergone some form of FGM.
  • Girls 14 and younger represent 44 million of those who have been cut, with the highest prevalence of FGM among this age in the Gambia at 56 percent, Mauritania 54 percent and Indonesia where around half of the girls aged 11 and younger have undergone the practice.
  • Countries with the highest prevalence among girls and women aged 15 to 49 are Somalia 98 percent, Guinea 97 percent and Djibouti 93 percent.
  • FGM is mostly carried out on young girls sometime between infancy and age 15.
  • FGM cause severe bleeding and health issues including cysts, infections, infertility as well as complications in childbirth increased risk of newborn deaths.
  • FGM is a violation of the human rights of girls and women.
  • The Sustainable Development Goals in 2015 calls for an end to FGM by 2030 under Goal 5 on Gender Equality, Target 5.3 Eliminate all harmful practices, such as the child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation.
  • The elimination of FGM has been called for by numerous inter-governmental organizations, including the African Union, the European Union and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, as well as in three resolutions of the United Nations General Assembly.
6 February: International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation 6 February: International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation Reviewed by Aman Bhatia on February 07, 2018 Rating: 5

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