Current Affairs

India Witness Decline in Current Maternal Mortality Ratio

The latest Sample Registration System (SRS) figures revealed that India has seen a decline in its Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) from 139 to 130.

  • The information was revealed by Union Health and Family Minister Jagat Prakash Nadda citing that India's MMR has significantly fallen from 167 in 2011-13 to the present figure of 130, as per the latest Sample Registration System (SRS) figures.
  •  It means that India has gone beyond the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) target of Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) of 139 by 2015. 
  • The decline has been most significant in EAG States & Assam from 246 to 188. Among the Southern States, the decline has been from 93 to 77 and in the Other States from 115 to 93.

Best and Worst Performer

Top 5 States MMR Bottom Five States MMR
Kerala 46 Assam 237
Maharashtra 61 Uttar Pradesh /Uttarakhand 201
Tamil Nadu 66 Rajasthan 199
Andhra Pradesh 74 Odisha 180
Telangana 81 Madhya Pradesh/Chhattisgarh 173

What is Maternal Mortality Ratio?

Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) is derived as the proportion of maternal deaths per 1,00,000 live
births reported under the Sample Registration System. It is one of the important measures of the quality of safe deliveries and maternal care.

What are Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)?

In September 2000, 191 Members States of United Nations signed United Nations Millennium Declaration that consists of 8 goals to combat poverty, hunger, disease, illiteracy, environmental degradation, and discrimination against women by the year 2015

The Eight Millennium Development Goals are:
  • to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger;
  • to achieve universal primary education;
  • to promote gender equality and empower women;
  • to reduce child mortality;
  • to improve maternal health;
  • to combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases;
  • to ensure environmental sustainability; and
  • to develop a global partnership for development.

Global Maternal Mortality Rate

Maternal mortality refers to deaths due to complications from pregnancy or childbirth. From 1990 to 2015, the global maternal mortality ratio declined by 44 per cent – from 385 deaths to 216 deaths per 100,000 live births, according to UN inter-agency estimates. levels of maternal mortality remain unacceptably high in sub-Saharan Africa.

Expected Questions

The latest Sample Registration System (SRS) figures revealed that India has seen a decline in its Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) from 139 to
a. 220
b. 120
c. 125
d. 130
e. 129

In September 2000, 191 Members States of United Nations signed a Declaration that consists of 8 goals to combat poverty, hunger, disease, illiteracy, environmental degradation, and discrimination against women by the year 2015. What is the declaration called?
a. Horogium Development Goals
b. Triennium Development Goals
c. Decennium Development Goals
d. Meridian Development Goals
e. Millennium Development Goals

India Witness Decline in Current Maternal Mortality Ratio India Witness Decline in Current Maternal Mortality Ratio Reviewed by insiya yadav on June 07, 2018 Rating: 5

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