Current Affairs

Cabinet extends tenure of Commission constituted

Union Cabinet has approved the extension of the term of Commission to examine the issue of Sub-categorization of Other Backward Classes (OBCs) in the Central List till November 2018.
Cabinet extends tenure of Commission constituted
  • This is the third extension granted to the commission for submission of its politically crucial report on creating quotas within quotas.

A look at the history:

  • The five member Commission was constituted under article 340 of the Constitution in October, 2017 with approval of the President.
  • It is headed by former Chief Justice of Delhi High Court Justice (Retd) G. Rohini.
  • Its report was to be submitted within three months (i.e. by January 2018).
  • But since then, it has sought and was granted extensions twice citing voluminous nature of its task.
  • The commission has been formed under Article 340 of the Constitution which was also used to establish landmark Mandal Commission (set up in 1979) more than two decades ago which recommended 27% reservation for socially and educationally backward classes in higher education and government jobs.
  • Over the years, benefits of this reservation was cornered mostly by dominant OBC groups.
  • The sub-categorisation commission’s report is expected to recommend earmarking sub-quotas for the extremely backward classes within the OBCs.
  • Even National Commission for Backward Classes in 2015 had noted that unequals cannot be treated equally and recommended that OBCs be categorised into extremely backward classes, more backward classes and backward classes.
  • At present, 11 states have sub-categorised OBCs for their state services.

Mandate of the Commission:

  • The Sub-categorisation commission was tasked to examine extent of inequitable distribution of benefits of reservation among castes included in the broad category of OBC in central government jobs and educational institutions especially with reference to OBCs included in Central list.
  • It was also tasked to take up the exercise of identifying respective castes, sub-castes, communities synonyms in Central List of OBCs and classify them into their respective sub-categories.
  • It is mandated to work out a mechanism, norms, criteria and parameters, in scientific approach, for sub-categorization within such OBCs.

Questions:

Q1. Union Cabinet has approved the extension of the term of Commission to examine which issue in the Central List till November 2018?
a. Sub-categorization of Scheduled Castes (SCs)
b. Sub-categorization of Other Backward Classes (OBCs)
c. Sub-categorization of Scheduled Tribes(STs)
d. None of the above

Q2. What is the number of this extension granted to the commission?
a. First
b. Second
c. Third
d. Fourth
Cabinet extends tenure of Commission constituted Cabinet extends tenure of Commission constituted Reviewed by Inderjeet Virdi on August 13, 2018 Rating: 5

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