Current Affairs

US to pull out of INF treaty signed with Russia

United States (US) President Donald Trump has announced that US will unilaterally pull out of three-decade-old Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty signed with Russia during Cold War.
US to pull out of INF treaty signed with Russia

About Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty:

  • It was a crucial Cold War-era treaty banning development, testing and possession of short and medium range ground-launched nuclear missiles with a range of 500-5,000 km.
  • The treaty was signed in December 1987 between then US President Ronald Reagan and his USSR counterpart Mikhail Gorbachev.
  • The treaty banned all nuclear and conventional missiles, as well as their launchers, with ranges of 500-1,000 km or (short-range) and 1,000-5,500 km (intermediate-range).
  • This treaty was central to ending arms race between two superpowers during cold war and protected America's NATO allies in Europe from Soviet missile attacks.
  • It was designed to provide a measure of some strategic stability on continent of Europe.

What are the reasons of US withdrawal?

  • US President Trump has alleged that Russia has violated the treaty and has been violating it for many years.
  • This violation comes after Russia's alleged development and deployment of Novator 9M729 missile (also known as SSC-8), that could strike Europe at short notice.
  • Accusations of Russia violating this treaty pre-dates Trump presidency and go back to 2008 during President Obama administration.
  • Under former President Barack Obama, US raised the issue of Russia testing ground-launched cruise missile with Russian President Vladimir Putin in 2014.
  • But Russia had denied allegations and raised counter-allegations of the US installing missile defence systems in Europe.
  • While two countries failed to find a resolution using dispute resolution mechanism in treaty, US continued to remain party to the treaty under pressure from its European allies.

What will be its implications?

  • The unilateral withdrawal from this treaty will allow US, new nuclear weapon options in Pacific in its efforts to counter China's growing influence.
  • There are also concerns that a unilateral termination of this treaty could mark beginning of a new arms race between US and Russia.

Question:

Q. United States (US) President Donald Trump has announced that US will unilaterally pull out of which three-decade-old treaty signed with Russia during Cold War?
a. Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty
b. Immediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty
c. Intercontinental-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty
d. None of the above
US to pull out of INF treaty signed with Russia US to pull out of INF treaty signed with Russia Reviewed by Inderjeet Virdi on October 24, 2018 Rating: 5

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