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ESA tests device to rescue Injured Astronauts

European Space Agency (ESA) recently tested a device called Lunar Evacuation System Assembly (or LESA), which is designed to assist in astronaut rescue missions on the surface of Moon.
ESA tests device to rescue Injured Astronauts

About LESA:

  • Among other preparations for NASA's 2024 Moon mission (Artemis Mission), scientists are testing the Lunar Evacuation System Assembly or LESA device.
  • It is developed by the European Space Agency (ESA), an intergovernmental organisation of 22 member states dedicated to space exploration.
  • LESA is a pyramid-like structure which is designed in a way to be deployed just by a single astronaut in lunar gravity to rescue an incapacitated crewmate.

Need for such device and its significance:

  • On a mission, astronauts wear Extravehicular Activities (EVA) suits that are bulky and heavy due to which they do not allow for a full range of movement.
  • Thus while wearing an EVA suit, there is no way that an astronaut could carry their fallen crewmate over their shoulder.
  • In order to rescue a fallen colleague, LESA can be operated just by a single astronaut thus ensuring a rapid and safe rescue.
  • LESA can be transported like a golf caddy and placed close to the fallen astronaut, hence enabling an astronaut to lift their crewmate onto a mobile stretcher in less than 10 minutes, before carrying them to safety on a nearby pressurised lander.

Question:

Q. Which space agency recently tested a device called Lunar Evacuation System Assembly (or LESA), which is designed to assist in astronaut rescue missions on the surface of Moon?
a. Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)
b. European Space Agency (ESA)
c. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
d. China National Space Administration (CNSA)
ESA tests device to rescue Injured Astronauts ESA tests device to rescue Injured Astronauts Reviewed by Neha on June 26, 2019 Rating: 5

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